Chronometric dating technique

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When carbon-14 falls to Earth, it is absorbed by plants.These plants are eaten by animals who, in turn, are eaten by even larger animals.Narrow rings grow in cold or dry years, and wide rings grow in warm or wet years.The rings form a distinctive pattern, which is the same for all members in a given species and geographical area.Since certain species of animals existed on Earth at specific times in history, the fossils or remains of such animals embedded within those successive layers of rock also help scientists determine the age of the layers.Similarly, pollen grains released by seed-bearing plants became fossilized in rock layers.

Stratigraphy: Study of layers of rocks or the objects embedded within those layers.Dating techniques are procedures used by scientists to determine the age of an object or a series of events.The two main types of dating methods are relative and absolute.With sensitive instrumentation, this range can be extended to 70,000 years.In addition to the radiocarbon dating technique, scientists have developed other dating methods based on the transformation of one element into another.

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