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The development of stable agriculture through irrigation meant people no longer had to follow changing sources of food.
With this stability farmers in the region were able to domesticate animals such as goats, sheep, and cattle.
This lesson plan, intended for use in the teaching of world history in the middle grades, is designed to help students appreciate the parallel development and increasing complexity of writing and civilization in the Tigris and Euphrates valleys in ancient Mesopotamia.
You may wish to use this lesson independently as an introduction to Mesopotamian civilization, or as an entry point into the study of Sumerian and Babylonian history and culture.
Once the writing system had moved from being pictographic to phonetic writing could communicate abstractions more effectively: names, words, and ideas.The earliest known civilization developed along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in what is now the country of Iraq.The development of successful agriculture, which relied on the region’s fertile soils and an irrigation system that took advantage of its consistent water supply, led to the development of the world’s first cities.In order to ensure the crop yield, a system of canals was dug to divert water for agriculture and lessen the impact of annual floods.With these advances, a significant population of successful farmers, herders, and traders were able to move beyond subsistence agriculture.